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Native Inhabitants

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This Louisiana Native Inhabitant Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Louisiana Indians and their history. Also detailed are major events in US history which impacted the history of the Louisiana Indians.

Conflicts erupt during the 1800’s between the white settlers and Native Tribes, including the Adai, Alabama, Apalachee, Atakapa, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Biloxi, Caddo, Chatot, Chawasha, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Houma, Koasati, Koroa, Mugulasha, Muskogee, Natchez, Ouachita, Okelousa, Opelousa, Pascagoula, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Souchitioni, Tangipahoa, Tawasa, Washa and Yatasi. The Native Tribes were gradually forced to cede their lands.

History Timeline of the Native Inhabitants of Louisiana

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison​

1000: Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States

100 BC: Organised farming in the Louisiana region began at this time with the cultivation of crops such as squash, sunflowers, beans and maize.

1519: Alvarez de Pindea explores the mouth of the Mississippi

1541: Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River

1682: Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle claims the territory for King Louis XIV of France and names the area La Louisianne after the French King

1700’s: Chickasaw, Natchez and Yazoo warriors raiders attacked enemy tribes to capture slaves

1719: The first large importation of black slaves

1729: Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Native tribes massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie.

1736: The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illini.

1754: (1754-1763) French and Indian War known in the US as the Seven Years War, (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the colonies of France allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin tribes, Abenaki, Míkmaq, Mohawk, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Great Britain allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Cayuga, Catawba and Cherokee tribes

1762: France cedes the Louisiana Territory to Spain.

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 – 1783 – The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 – United States Declaration of Independence

1800: Third Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1800 between Spain and France, by which Spain returned Louisiana to France

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